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Posted 19 Jan 2004

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C# MP3 Compressor

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4.74/5 (48 votes)
13 Jul 20044 min read
A C# MP3 compressor using "lame_enc.dll" from the LAME project.

Sample image

Introduction

The first question to my previous article (C Sharp Ripper) was about how to rip directly to MP3 format. Then I looked for some MP3 compressor done for .NET framework and I couldn't find the exact solution, so I decided to write one. The solution was to use the LAME MP3 encoder, specifically to wrap in C# the functions of lame_enc.dll. See this website for technical and copyright information regarding the LAME project.

In this work, there is code from the article: A low level audio player in C# by Ianier Munoz.

Background

While it is true that the LAME encoder is written in C and all source code is available, one could think of compiling these source files in managed C++ to obtain a managed compressor. However, an easier way to achieve that goal is to use the LAME compressor through the functions exposed by the lame_enc.dll. This DLL exports a few functions and it is relatively easy to use.

One problem to mention about the use of the DLL is that in the current version, it is not possible to compress two streams at the same time. The compressor I describe in this article (Mp3Writer) is a class derived from AudioWriter, which is a binary writer that can be used as a base of writers for different audio streams (different audio formatters, compressors, etc.). AudioWriter receives audio data in PCM format, then the data is compressed and written to the resulting stream, or just written without modifications using a specific format (WAV format, for instance, as in the WaveWriter class).

Using the code

AudioWriter and other base and tools classes are in a library named yeti.mmedia. All other classes related to the MP3 compressor are in a library yeti.mp3. Within this library, I included all the translation of structures, constants, and functions needed to use lame_enc.dll. The following code shows the simplest way to use the MP3 compressor with the default configuration:

C#
...
using WaveLib;
using Yeti.MMedia; 
using Yeti.MMedia.Mp3;
..
WaveStream InStr = new WaveStream("SomeFile.wav");
try
{
  Mp3Writer writer = new Mp3Writer(new FileStream("SomeFile.mp3", 
                                      FileMode.Create), InStr.Format);
  try
  {
    byte[] buff = new byte[writer.OptimalBufferSize];
    int read = 0;
    while ( (read = InStr.Read(buff, 0, buff.Length)) > 0 )
    {
      writer.Write(buff, 0, read);
    }
  }
  finally
  {
    writer.Close();
  }
}
finally
{
  InStr.Close();
}

First, a WaveStream is created to read the uncompressed audio data from a WAV file, then a Mp3Writer is created. The Mp3Writer constructor is called passing as the first parameter the stream where to write the resulting MP3 stream (in this case, a FileStream), and as second parameter the WaveFormat that specifies the format of the input data. The input stream is read until the end and all the data is written to the writer, which converts it to MP3 format and saves the result to the output stream.

There are two other overloads of the Mp3Writer constructor: one that accepts a BE_CONFIG instance, which is a structure translated from LAME that describes how the stream must be compressed (bit rate, compression method, quality, etc.). The other overload accepts a Mp3WriterConfig instance, which wraps BE_CONFIG and it is serializable, so it can be used to persist the compressor configuration using serialization. Another important class is EditMp3Writer, which is a custom control that can be included in a form or dialog to configure the parameters of the compressor, as shown in the sample code.

Another example of using the writer could be an improved version of the ripper described in my article C Sharp Ripper to rip directly to MP3 format. In the file Form1.cs, inside the handler of the "Save as.." button, there is the line:

C#
m_Writer = new WaveWriter(WaveFile, Format);

which may be changed to:

C#
m_Writer = new Mp3Writer(WaveFile, Format);

The rest of the code remains without change and, of course, if you need more control on the compressor parameters then you should add extra code to use BE_CONFIG and/or Mp3WriterConfig.

Conclusion

As shown here, the use of this compressor is relatively easy. When more control about the compression process is required, then a deeper knowledge about the meaning and use of all fields of each LAME structure is mandatory. It is also important to note that if you use this code in any product, you should observe the LAME product licensing details.

Any use of this product does not convey a license under the relevant intellectual property of Thomson and/or Fraunhofer Gesellschaft nor imply any right to use this product in any finished end user or ready-to-use final product. An independent license for such use is required. For details, please visit http://www.mp3licensing.com.

You can find a first version of a Widows Media Audio (WMA) compressor in my article, Windows Media Audio Compressor. A better compressor and a translation of the Windows Media Format SDK could be found in my article, C Sharp Windows Media Format SDK translation.

License

This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here


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Comments and Discussions

 
GeneralRe: lame_enc.dll Pin
Idael Cardoso13-Feb-05 23:46
Idael Cardoso13-Feb-05 23:46 
GeneralRe: lame_enc.dll Pin
Anonymous21-Feb-05 21:56
Anonymous21-Feb-05 21:56 
Generalconvert mono to stereo Pin
Anonym. RaVinesh3-Feb-05 16:27
sussAnonym. RaVinesh3-Feb-05 16:27 
GeneralRe: convert mono to stereo Pin
Idael Cardoso9-Feb-05 22:49
Idael Cardoso9-Feb-05 22:49 
Question*.cda in *.mp3 ?? Pin
Anonymous21-Dec-04 23:51
Anonymous21-Dec-04 23:51 
Question*.cda in *.mp3 ?? Pin
Anonymous21-Dec-04 23:51
Anonymous21-Dec-04 23:51 
GeneralGreat Job! Pin
jdfgkkk7-Nov-04 22:42
jdfgkkk7-Nov-04 22:42 
GeneralNow that is just way cool! Pin
Yama_121-Oct-04 1:52
Yama_121-Oct-04 1:52 
That's just too easy!

Thanks heaps!Big Grin | :-D Big Grin | :-D
GeneralMulti-threading Pin
_MonkeyMagic19-Aug-04 11:07
_MonkeyMagic19-Aug-04 11:07 
GeneralRe: Multi-threading Pin
Idael Cardoso19-Aug-04 12:35
Idael Cardoso19-Aug-04 12:35 
GeneralRe: Multi-threading Pin
_MonkeyMagic19-Aug-04 20:24
_MonkeyMagic19-Aug-04 20:24 
GeneralCRACKING WORK Pin
_MonkeyMagic14-Aug-04 3:00
_MonkeyMagic14-Aug-04 3:00 
General16bit error Pin
trevor2x27-Jul-04 19:12
trevor2x27-Jul-04 19:12 
GeneralRe: 16bit error Pin
Idael Cardoso8-Aug-04 3:15
Idael Cardoso8-Aug-04 3:15 
GeneralRe: 16bit error Pin
srenzi4-Apr-05 7:14
srenzi4-Apr-05 7:14 
GeneralRe: 16bit error Pin
Idael Cardoso19-Apr-05 5:21
Idael Cardoso19-Apr-05 5:21 
GeneralEncode directly to Shoutcast Pin
chr10016-May-04 23:43
chr10016-May-04 23:43 
GeneralRe: Encode directly to Shoutcast Pin
Idael Cardoso19-May-04 23:20
Idael Cardoso19-May-04 23:20 
GeneralRe: Encode directly to Shoutcast Pin
ouroborous21-Oct-04 7:02
ouroborous21-Oct-04 7:02 
GeneralI Got a "Corrupt Stack" error! Pin
BlackDebbie5-May-04 12:52
BlackDebbie5-May-04 12:52 
GeneralRe: I Got a "Corrupt Stack" error! Pin
Idael Cardoso7-May-04 5:52
Idael Cardoso7-May-04 5:52 
GeneralRe: I Got a "Corrupt Stack" error! Pin
beketata8-Dec-12 0:12
beketata8-Dec-12 0:12 
GeneralRe: I Got a "Corrupt Stack" error! Pin
joshua.sells26-Jul-13 6:15
joshua.sells26-Jul-13 6:15 
GeneralReading/Writing ID3 Tags Pin
Ugge3-May-04 10:39
Ugge3-May-04 10:39 
GeneralRe: Reading/Writing ID3 Tags Pin
Idael Cardoso7-May-04 9:53
Idael Cardoso7-May-04 9:53 

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