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Posted 24 Apr 2003


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A .NET Wizard control

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24 Apr 2003CPOL7 min read
A .NET Wizard control for the VS.IDE and client apps

Wizard Control Installation

First of all you must install Utility Library. Utility Library contains many controls one from them is a Wizard Control. So let’s step by step go throw the process of controls installation. First of all you must compile Utility Library in Debug or Release mode (if you want to well understand how controls works then build library in Debug mode, then you can set break points in it and view class members values and etc.). Second Step is to add Utility Library controls to IDE toolbox. So open any form in design mode. Open Toolbox. And call context menu of toolbox (right mouse button can help :). You must saw something like on picture below.


After first iteration of wizard implementation many things changed and now wizard designers used by IDE are in stand alone DLL file: UtilityLibrary.Designers.dll. Also Windows API exported functions are also in stand alone DLL: UtilityLibrary.Win32.WindowsAPI.dll. To install designers of Wizard you must do such steps:

  1. Compile all library DLLs
  2. Register in GAC UtilityLibrary.Designers.dll
  3. Close IDE and start it again
  4. After that wizard control must work fine.
  5. If you include library into own project then uncheck Designer library after first build to make say IDE to skip sub-project build. Use Configuration manger for such purposes.

Known problems:

  • IDE forgot how to show Wizards sometimes. They show wizard form, but buttons Next and Previous does not work. Restart of IDE can help. In such error mode Pages of Wizard can be switch by wizard control Property: PageIndex.

Select in context menu Add Tab item and press it. Type name Utility Library (you can type everything what you want, but better to keep real name of library).

Image 1

Then click by mouse on newly created tab and again call context menu. Now in it select Customize Toolbox item.

Image 2

In the opened dialog select tab .Net Framework Components. On it you must saw list of installed and known to IDE components. But IDE know about our newly compiled library nothing. That is why press Browse button and in Open Dialog select compiled version of Utility Library DLL (for better view apply sorting on Namespace column).

Image 3

From that moment the IDE knows about Utility Library and on Toolbox tab you must saw a list of newly added controls.

How to use Wizard control

Wizard control is based on System.Windows.Forms.UserControl class that is why IDE can show it more then on one toolbox tab (Don’t worry about that). So let’s start use of control. First create empty Window Form. Such form will be a base for our control (parent). Then Open toolbox window and on Utility Library tab select Wizard Form control. Drag and drop Wizard Form control on our parent (empty window form).

Window form support all types of Docking, but by default is set none. So click on control and in properties list in subsection Layout set property Dock to Fill value.

Image 4

After that form must look like a picture upper. This is a default view of wizards. Now we add wizard base, but our wizard still have no any own page. First of all we must add Wizard Welcome page. To do this simply call context menu of control or select control and open properties window.

Image 5Image 6

As you saw in context menu we have four wizard actions:

  • Add Welcome Page
  • Add Page (simple wizard page)
  • Add Final Page
  • Remove Page

So select Add Welcome Page menu item, and hurrah! Now our wizard has a Welcome page. Second Action will be to fill well Page properties. Wizard give you only base and you must by own hands customize it. This is a base:

Image 7

And this is a customized version of it:

Image 8

Welcome Page has special properties:

  1. Description
  2. Description2
  3. DontShow
  4. HeaderImage
  5. ImageIndex/ImageList
  6. Title

After customizing first page open context menu and press Add Page item. After that in Wizard we must have two pages: first is a welcome page and second is a Standard wizard page (to switch between wizard pages in control use <Back and Next> buttons. They work in design mode too).

Image 9

On standard wizard page we have special lines (rectangles in center of page); they will help us in placing controls according to Wizard 97 standard. By first line (from left to right) we will place labels. On second Line we will place controls… and etc. (for more details look into Wizard 97 standard).

Image 10

Last step of our work will be Final Page creation. By Wizard 97 standard on final page must be list of done by wizard tasks and status of wizard. To Add final page select Wizard Form control and from context menu select Add Final Page item. After page adds our wizard will have three pages: first – welcome page, second – work page and third – final page.

Image 11

And after page customizing it will be like:

Image 12

Code part of wizards

All wizards which based on Wizard Form control have events by which developer can control wizard work. As you see on picture below all wizard events are grouped by Wizard Category. Wizard has seven base events. First five events: Back, Cancel, Finish, Help and Next are events which thrown by wizard form control on buttons press. Here in more details should be discussed only Next and Finish events. Any page in wizard has property Finish Page. This is a Boolean indicator of which button must be shown on bottom of wizard: Next> or Finish. Also this property control which event will be thrown by wizard control.

Image 13

In most cases user must attach delegate-methods only to three events: Finish, Wizard Closed and Cancel. If algorithm of wizard not a linear one and has many ways of execution, then also must be used Next and Back events to control switch between wizard pages.

Image 14

In sequence diagram you can see process of user interaction with wizard GUI. As you see Wizard control attach itself to parent form Closing event and when user press close button dialog act like on Cancel button press.

In more details must be described Finish and Wizard Close events. Wizard control designed to work well as only one control on form and as a part of more advanced GUI. That is why process of wizard closing must be always written by hands. “Wizard Closed” event thrown by control only in case when “WizardForm” control property “Show Cancel Confirm” is set to TRUE value. That is why we must make two event handlers: Cancel and “WizardClosed”.

Example of code

private void wizard_Finish(object sender, 
UtilityLibrary.Wizards.WizardForm.EventNextArgs e)
  ITask m_task = null;
  if( m_assignedProject == null ) 
    m_task = m_application.Tasks.Create( txtShortName.Text, null );
  if( lstAssigned.Items.Count == 0 )
    m_task = m_assignedProject.UnassignedTasks.Create( 
      txtShortName.Text, m_assignedProject );
    m_task = m_assignedProject.Tasks.Create( 
      txtShortName.Text, m_assignedProject );
    foreach( ListViewItem item in lstAssigned.Items )
      ISecurityUser user = 
        (ISecurityUser)m_assignedProject.Team.SecurityUsers[ item.Tag ];
            m_task.AddAssignment( user );

    if( m_task != null ) 
        // find priority in dictionary
        if( comboPriority.SelectedItem != null )
          m_task.Priority = (int)((ComboItem)comboPriority.SelectedItem).Tag;
        // set request
        if( m_request != null )
          m_task.AssignToRequest( m_request );
        foreach( TreeNode catNode in comboCategory.CheckedItems )
          m_task.Categories.Add( (int)catNode.Tag, catNode.Text );
        m_task.Deadline = comboDeadline.Value;
        m_task.EstimatedTime = int.Parse( txtEstimate.Text );
        // add comments
        if( ((RichTextBox)rchComment).Text != "" )
          IComment comm = m_task.Comments.Create( "Task Comment" );
          comm.Text = ((RichTextBox)rchComment).Rtf;
          m_task.AddComment( comm );
private void wizard_Next(object sender, 
  UtilityLibrary.Wizards.WizardForm.EventNextArgs e)
  UtilityLibrary.Wizards.WizardPageBase page = 
   ( UtilityLibrary.Wizards.WizardPageBase )sender;
  if( page.Equals( wizPageAssign ) && m_assignedProject == null )
    e.Step = 2;
private void wizard_Back(object sender, 
UtilityLibrary.Wizards.WizardForm.EventNextArgs e)
  UtilityLibrary.Wizards.WizardPageBase page = 
    ( UtilityLibrary.Wizards.WizardPageBase )sender;
  if( page.Equals( wizFinalPage ) == true &&  m_assignedProject == null )
    e.Step = 2;
private void wizard_WizardClosed(object sender, System.EventArgs e)

How to create own Wizard Pages

Very often wizards in application have same pages. You can make copy/paste, but this not a good one solution. That is why creation of custom wizard pages is a common way to enhance wizard functionality.

 Image 15

First of all let’s look into “WizardPageBase” class inheritors. As you see Welcome and Final pages are example of how to create custom wizard pages. Only advantage of this pages that they have IDE integration, which yours page can not have without control designer code modifications. Process of creation is simple one. First of all we must create our Page class inherited from WizardPageBase class. To do this you can use IDE functionality. Open Solution Explorer. In it select your project and call context menu. In context menu select Add ->Add Inherited Control.


Image 16

Image 17

In appeared dialog type name of new file, name of file will be used by IDE as a class name.

Image 18


Then select class which you want to inherit (IDE will show classes only if they exist in solution, so if you use Utility Library as stand alone assembly, then you must create file by hands).

First of add custom page as a form class member:

private CustomWizrdPage wizPageCustom;

Second add new page into designer method:

private void InitializeComponent()
  this.wizPageCustom = new CustomWizrdPage();

and press Shift+F7 to view form in designer. After that you can do page customization in Visual Studio IDE.

Design Tips and Tricks

To make your wizards up to date and make them look and fill good do such easy steps:

  1. Wizard control size must be in 4:3 proportions (width: height).
  2. All images and controls must be in one style
  3. Do not try to place many controls on one page, better redesign pages and make them in two or three simple steps.
  4. Add many Hints and help messages to user (in messages say why and for what you needed user data)
  5. In application all wizards must in one size (width/height)
  6. All text messages keep in resources; this can help in localization of application.
  7. Give user freedom in customization (wizard also can have some settings :)


  • First revision, 25th April, 2003.


This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)


About the Author

Oleksandr Kucherenko
CEO ArtfulBits Inc.
Ukraine Ukraine
Name:Kucherenko Oleksandr

Born:September 20, 1979

Platforms: Win32, Linux; - well known and MS-DOS; Win16; OS/2 - old time not touched;

Hardware: IBM PC

Programming Languages: Assembler (for Intel 80386); Borland C/C++; Borland Pascal; Object Pascal; Borland C++Builder; Delphi; Perl; Java; Visual C++; Visual J++; UML; XML/XSL; C#; VB.NET; T-SQL; PL/SQL; and etc.

Development Environments: MS Visual Studio 2001-2008; MS Visual C++; Borland Delphi; Borland C++Builder; C/C++ any; Rational Rose; GDPro; Together and etc.

Libraries: STL, ATL, WTL, MFC, NuMega Driver Works, VCL; .NET 1.0, 1.1, 2.0, 3.5; and etc.

Technologies: Client/Server; COM; DirectX; DirectX Media; BDE; HTML/DHTML; ActiveX; Java Servlets; DCOM; COM+; ADO; CORBA; .NET; Windows Forms; GDI/GDI+; and etc.

Application Skills: Databases - design and maintain, support, programming; GUI Design; System Programming, Security; Business Software Development. Win/Web Services development and etc.

Comments and Discussions

QuestionMessage Closed Pin
23-Aug-21 4:28
MemberNadia Rashid Rashid23-Aug-21 4:28 
QuestionMessage Closed Pin
23-Aug-21 4:28
MemberNadia Rashid Rashid23-Aug-21 4:28 
QuestionDoes Not Work With VS2015 Pin
dday3313-Oct-16 5:45
Memberdday3313-Oct-16 5:45 
AnswerRe: Does Not Work With VS2015 Pin
Philippe Mori13-Oct-16 6:30
MemberPhilippe Mori13-Oct-16 6:30 
You really mean that Visual Studio crashes (i.e. it close with possibly an error message)?

Usually, if a control has some problem, Visual Studio would display an error message. By the way, as far as I can remember, I have never seen a case where a problem occurs while dropping a component onto a form. Usually, one could not open the designer if the code is not properly written to work at design time.

And for that kind of problem, you usually start a second instance of Visual Studio to debug the first one and see where in the code it does something wrong (like accessing a null object).

In many cases, you can simply skip some code at design time using DesignMode property.
Philippe Mori

QuestionMessage Closed Pin
8-Dec-12 9:24
Memberjack asshole8-Dec-12 9:24 
SuggestionRe: full of bugs Pin
Nelson Hoover6-Feb-13 7:28
MemberNelson Hoover6-Feb-13 7:28 
QuestionLicense agreement Pin
npcmeister11-Jan-12 2:14
Membernpcmeister11-Jan-12 2:14 
AnswerMessage Closed Pin
8-Dec-12 9:25
Memberjack asshole8-Dec-12 9:25 
GeneralRe: License agreement Pin
GuyRoch1528-Dec-13 10:50
MemberGuyRoch1528-Dec-13 10:50 
GeneralWorks great but with some flaws... Pin
Lordraz0r2-Aug-11 2:05
MemberLordraz0r2-Aug-11 2:05 
GeneralThe OutlookBar in this version has a problem when it works on LargIcons . Pin
xuchonglei22-Apr-11 22:40
Memberxuchonglei22-Apr-11 22:40 
GeneralMy vote of 5 Pin
RickVB30-Mar-11 7:33
professionalRickVB30-Mar-11 7:33 
GeneralCreate a "Skip List" Pin
Daniel St.23-Mar-11 9:26
MemberDaniel St.23-Mar-11 9:26 
GeneralButtons not working Pin
hitnrun121-Oct-10 9:37
Memberhitnrun121-Oct-10 9:37 
GeneralLoading Project Pin
hitnrun130-Sep-10 5:15
Memberhitnrun130-Sep-10 5:15 
GeneralLooking inside the code I find some questions Pin
abacrotto7-Jul-10 13:29
Memberabacrotto7-Jul-10 13:29 
QuestionCould you convert and build it for VS2010? Pin
brant_chen1-Jun-10 17:45
Memberbrant_chen1-Jun-10 17:45 
AnswerRe: Could you convert and build it for VS2010? Pin
Oleksandr Kucherenko1-Jun-10 22:53
MemberOleksandr Kucherenko1-Jun-10 22:53 
GeneralRe: Could you convert and build it for VS2010? Pin
RickVB30-Mar-11 7:32
professionalRickVB30-Mar-11 7:32 
AnswerBUG FIX - ShowConfirm = false not letting parent form close when closing with X button. Pin
mscirri2-Apr-09 6:04
Membermscirri2-Apr-09 6:04 
GeneralFlickering... [modified] Pin
etourigney6-Feb-09 7:16
Memberetourigney6-Feb-09 7:16 
GeneralVS 2008 9.0.21022.8 - No changes on a form after adding WizardForm control Pin
soniko3-Sep-08 15:00
Membersoniko3-Sep-08 15:00 
GeneralRe: VS 2008 9.0.21022.8 - No changes on a form after adding WizardForm control Pin
JupiterP523-Oct-08 13:06
MemberJupiterP523-Oct-08 13:06 
GeneralRe: VS 2008 9.0.21022.8 - No changes on a form after adding WizardForm control Pin
Lordraz0r2-Aug-11 2:14
MemberLordraz0r2-Aug-11 2:14 
GeneralRe: VS 2008 9.0.21022.8 - No changes on a form after adding WizardForm control Pin
shuk22-Apr-09 3:41
Membershuk22-Apr-09 3:41 

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