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Articles / Desktop Programming / MFC
Posted 14 Dec 2002


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Add fast user-extensible image processing support to CBitmap

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4.94/5 (52 votes)
14 Dec 20023 min read
Provides built-in graying, rotating, shearing, resizing, blurring, sharpening, flipping, negating and color replacement to CBitmap as well as support for user-defined processing plug-ins

Sample Image - ExtendedBitmap.jpg


This work builds on my previous CEnBitmap class but is sufficiently new to warrant a separate article.

I read Yves Maurer's excellent bitmap rotation article (see Credits section) recently and was prompted to rewrite a bitmap post-processing library I had written some time ago for a proprietary 3D rendering engine.

Since the CEnBitmap class I had previously developed allowed for loading a variety of graphic formats both off disk and via resource ID, I thought it would provide the ideal vehicle for these further extensions.

The code

What I've implemented then is a user-extensible bitmap processing 'library' with some built-in support for graying, rotating, shearing, blurring and resizing a bitmap, which can be used as simply as this:

CEnBitmap bitmap;

bitmap.RotateImage(90); // can use radians also

To define you own image processing plug-in, just derive a new class from C32BitImageProcessor and override the virtual methods CalcDestSize() and ProcessPixels().

Once you've done this, you simply pass your plug-in to the CEnBitmap object as follows:

CEnBitmap bitmap;

For multi-pass processing, you can also pass an array of plug-in pointers to CEnBitmap as follows:

CEnBitmap bitmap;
C32BIPArray aProcessors;
CMyImageProcessor1 p1;
CMyImageProcessor2 p2;
CMyImageProcessor3 p3;



This has the advantage of only getting and setting the internal HBITMAP bits at the start and end of the operation, and of doing as few memory allocations as possible.


Try out the 'Spin' button on the sample app to see how quick it is. About 20-30 ms for each iteration on a 200x200 image. (Note: the flipping and shearing plug-ins only take 0-5 ms for a similar sized image).

The key to achieving any degree of real time processing is a good algorithm (see karl Lager's credit) and working on the bitmap at the lowest level (see Yves Maurer's credit).

So all the processing is done on the raw bitmap bits, and not using Set/GetPixel() which would be way too slow.

Ver 1.2

The addition of color weighting adds a small penalty to the processing speed but gives way better results. However, color weighting is managed via a boolean attribute, so its up to you which way you go.

Carrying out multiple processing using an array of processors gives a small improvement, so its worth doing (see the sample app for details).

Sample application

This is a simple app which allows you to load a variety of image formats and apply the built-in plug-ins.

Note: the plug-ins are not necessarily applied in the order you select them but in the order that gives the best results.

Ver 1.2

I've modified the sample app so that the selected plug-ins are also applied when spinning, and can be turned on and off on the fly.

Conditions of use


Except :) that I retain copyright of this original work, notwithstanding the work done by those listed in the credits.

If you write a plug-in of your own then you are free to publish it as your own original work and, if appropriate, I'll add it to the CEnBitmap interface and add a link on this page.


I'm happy to receive suggestions for:

  • Other plug-ins which I will attempt :) to implement.
  • Ways to speed up the existing plug-ins
  • Ways to improve the output quality from the existing algorithms.


  • 1.0 16 Dec 2001
  • 1.1 17 Dec 2001
    • Negating added
    • Flipping added
    • Color replacement added
    • Graying speeded up
  • 1.2 17 Dec 2001
    • Color weighting added (vastly improves quality of rotating and shearing)
    • Sample app improved
  • 1.3 18 Dec 2001
    • Sharpening added
    • Some boundary condition bugs fixed
    • Blurring speeded up
    • Improved user controlled settings added to sample app



This article has no explicit license attached to it but may contain usage terms in the article text or the download files themselves. If in doubt please contact the author via the discussion board below.

A list of licenses authors might use can be found here


About the Author

Software Developer Maptek
Australia Australia
.dan.g. is a naturalised Australian and has been developing commercial windows software since 1998.

Comments and Discussions

GeneralDiplaying and processing two images Pin
Member 360679225-Jan-09 21:17
MemberMember 360679225-Jan-09 21:17 
GeneralConvert to VS 2005 Pin
AlexEvans5-Oct-08 22:01
MemberAlexEvans5-Oct-08 22:01 
GeneralJPG rotation in MS PowerPoint is really fast. Pin
hujunxi8-May-08 16:17
Memberhujunxi8-May-08 16:17 
QuestionVideo? Pin
captainc/c++27-Nov-07 19:17
Membercaptainc/c++27-Nov-07 19:17 
GeneralReally nice work Pin
morntide10-Oct-07 16:48
Membermorntide10-Oct-07 16:48 
Generalso GREAT! Pin
k8cchaha6-Sep-07 18:02
Memberk8cchaha6-Sep-07 18:02 
Questionhow about c#? Pin
s.jahangiri13-Feb-07 2:10
Members.jahangiri13-Feb-07 2:10 
GeneralProblem with Rotation! Pin
Karen0_012-Sep-06 0:30
MemberKaren0_012-Sep-06 0:30 
GeneralSaving bitmap to disk file Pin
Andrew Phillips1-May-06 23:13
MemberAndrew Phillips1-May-06 23:13 
GeneralSmall fix Pin
Andrew Phillips1-May-06 20:27
MemberAndrew Phillips1-May-06 20:27 
QuestionSupport for tiff files Pin
Muhammad Azam29-Mar-06 23:26
MemberMuhammad Azam29-Mar-06 23:26 
AnswerRe: Support for tiff files Pin
Andrew Phillips1-May-06 20:33
MemberAndrew Phillips1-May-06 20:33 
GeneralWeighted Color Average Pin
ozantopoglu22-Feb-06 3:06
Memberozantopoglu22-Feb-06 3:06 
QuestionHow to display a PNG? Pin
thilon8-Jan-06 18:05
Memberthilon8-Jan-06 18:05 
GeneralPNG support Pin
vjedlicka2-Dec-05 3:16
Membervjedlicka2-Dec-05 3:16 
GeneralRe: PNG support Pin
.dan.g.3-Dec-05 22:48
professional.dan.g.3-Dec-05 22:48 
AnswerRe: PNG support Pin
vjedlicka7-Dec-05 22:26
Membervjedlicka7-Dec-05 22:26 
GeneralCreating from existent bitmap (DIB) Pin
fcarello7-Sep-05 23:03
Memberfcarello7-Sep-05 23:03 
GeneralRe: Creating from existent bitmap (DIB) Pin
Andrew Phillips1-May-06 20:38
MemberAndrew Phillips1-May-06 20:38 
Generalloading pictures in Picture box Pin
Kawakami Genzai25-Aug-05 11:23
MemberKawakami Genzai25-Aug-05 11:23 
GeneralRe: loading pictures in Picture box Pin
Chae Sang, Jung21-Dec-05 22:09
MemberChae Sang, Jung21-Dec-05 22:09 
QuestionHow do i save the resized bitmap Pin
shikha_dawer28-Jan-05 19:17
Membershikha_dawer28-Jan-05 19:17 
GeneralCongrats, great work!!! Pin
Tomas Danek14-Nov-04 1:04
MemberTomas Danek14-Nov-04 1:04 
GeneralRe: Congrats, great work!!! Pin
.dan.g.15-Nov-04 15:09
professional.dan.g.15-Nov-04 15:09 
GeneralRe: Congrats, great work!!! Pin
Tomas Danek16-Nov-04 9:39
MemberTomas Danek16-Nov-04 9:39 

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