Visual C# provides a powerful GDI+ class library interface that allows users to draw various graphics objects.
This article shows you how to create a US flag using C# and GDI+. The US flag contains 50 star polygons and several rectangles.
Polygon is one of the most important graphics objects we are dealing with when rendering 2D and 3D graphics or processing computational geometry.
Graphics.DrawPolygon method draws a polygon defined by an array of point structures. Every pair of two consecutive points in the array specifies a side of the polygon.
Here, I will show you how to create a US flag object. First we need to define the coordinates of a star. As illustrated in the following figure, suppose that the center coordinates of the star are at (xc, yc), r1 is the radius of the inner circle, and r is the radius of the outer circle. The angles a = 72 degrees and ß = 36 degrees.
From this figure, we can easily determine the coordinates of points 0 to 9, as listed in the following table:
|Points ||x coordinates ||y coordinates |
|0 ||xc ||yc – r |
|1 ||xc + r1 sinß ||yc – r1 cosß |
|2 ||xc + r sina ||yc – r cosa |
|3 ||xc + r1 sina ||yc + r1 cosa |
|4 ||xc + r sinß ||yc + r cosß |
|5 ||xc ||yc + r1 |
|6 ||xc – r sinß ||yc + r cosß |
|7 ||xc – r1 sina ||yc + r1 cosa |
|8 ||xc – r sina ||yc – r cosa |
|9 ||xc – r1 sinß ||yc – r1 cosß |
We first implement a
DrawStar method to draw a single star polygon at the center position (xc, yc) with a size control parameter r (the radius of the outer circle, as shown in the above figure). We then add a
DrawFlag method that first draws seven red strips on a white rectangle background. Note that the respect ratio of the flag is maintained by setting:
float height = 10 * width / 19;
The method then draws the blue rectangle with proper size. Finally we put fifty stars on the blue rectangle uniformly by calling the
DrawStar method to finish the project.
Using the Code
The US flag is really drawn by overriding the
OnPaint method of the
protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
Graphics g = e.Graphics;
g.SmoothingMode = SmoothingMode.AntiAlias;
DrawFlag(g, 20, 20, this.Width - 50);
Building and running this project produces the following screenshot:
This is just for fun, perhaps even useful. This project is from the examples of the new book "Practical C# Charts and Graphics", where you can find more advanced chart and graphics programming for real-world .NET applications. For more information, please visit my website.
About the Author
Dr. Jack Xu has a Ph.D in theoretical physics. He has over 15 years programming experience in Basic, Fortran, C, C++, Matlab, and C#, specializing in numerical computation methods, algorithms, physical modeling, computer-aided design (CAD) development, graphics user interface, and 3D graphics. Currently, he is responsible for developing commercial CAD tools based on Microsoft .NET Framework.
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