|Yes, in the 90s in my AI classes, we struggled with defining AI.
And the struggle is this...
What is Intelligence?
In one regard, we MEASURE intelligence via pattern recognition (think Mensa tests).
But the measurement of something is not the root of something.
Otherwise we would say ALL intelligence is pattern recognition. And while that is part of it,
I don't think it covers ALL of it.
Then dig around the Savants and have your mind blown. The depth of some of their pattern recog is mind blowing.
And their ability to hold a conversation may not quite pass a Turing test. Or, one fella cannot drive a car,
because he gets lost in the thoughts of the shapes of cars while driving, but learns languages in record times.
The point being. If Intelligence is hard to define.... GOOD LUCK Defining Artificial Intelligence!
That's why Machine Learning is a better Phrase. It reflects much better the concept!