If a website in IIS is to contain sub domains or sub-applications can someone clarify please,
Is there a difference between a sub-domain and sub-application? Is a sub-domain just a folder within the website root and URL path to that folder and a sub-application and complete website within a website?
Sometimes there are URL's with the sub-domain or sub-application as a prefix BEFORE the root website name, i.e. subdomain.rootwebsite.com, where as there are sub-domains or sub-applications with their name as a suffix, or AFTER the root website URL, i.e. rootwebsite.com/subdomain. What determines this please?
What I have tried:
Looking through Microsoft IIS documentation site
general google but didn't find anything that explained the reasons for differences