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Posted 5 May 2012

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Patch my Arabic Locale on Windows Mobile

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6 May 2012CPOL1 min read
Add your local inside windows local to be supported for unicode

Introduction

How to make device support for Unicode by hacking InitLocale function inside coredll.dll in the entire system, not your application, this way to set your Arabic Locale in the entire System to be able to Save Arabic on File. Without this, you can't save Arabic inside file or save note or appointment or calendar.

Note: We used this way to all device manufacture such as HTC, ASUS, InterMek, etc. since the device comes without Arabic Locale.

Background

Most of the application tries to read some information from Local, By Function inside Framework or MFC, etc., whatever language you used, all Framework should call InitLocal function inside coredll.dll so what you need actually in this case, hook this function.

Using the Code

As we mentioned before, we have to obtain pointer for InitLocale function inside coredll.dll and save it inside fpInitlocale to use it later. We will talk more about that.

Also, we need to CreateMutex, BTW, it's good to know what mutex means:

CreateMutex: A mutex is a synchronization object that negotiates mutual exclusion among threads of a single process to avoid simultaneous modifications on common resources such as global variables.

C++
/* some shared stuff that has to go */
HINSTANCE hinstCore = (HINSTANCE)GetModuleHandle(L"COREDLL");
FARPROC fpInitLocale = GetProcAddress(hinstCore,L"InitLocale");
HANDLE _nlsMutex=CreateMutex(NULL,0,L"NLSMUTEX");
HANDLE _nlsHeap=CreateFileMapping(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE,NULL,4,0,0x10000,L"NLSHEAP"); 

Now to share memory between processes, you have to use CreateFileForMapping to make your locale shared between all processes:

C++
HANDLE hNLSFile, hNLSMap, hNLSOrig;
/* create the new mapping with slightly different name */
hNLSFile = CreateFileForMapping(nlsFile,GENERIC_READ,0,0,OPEN_EXISTING,0,0);
hNLSMap = CreateFileMapping(hNLSFile,0,PAGE_READONLY,0,0,L"some nice string longer that 7 chars"); 
FSMAP *nls = HandleToMap(hNLSMap);
/* get original */
hNLSOrig = CreateFileMapping(INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE,0,PAGE_READONLY,0,0,L"NLSFILE"); 
LPVOID origView=MapViewOfFile(hNLSOrig,6,0,0,0);
FSMAP *orig = HandleToMap(hNLSOrig); 

The trick of the code here is to rename the original Name (to make them invisible) because all of...

  • NLSFILE
  • NLSMUTEEX

...already cached inside running process.

C++
orig->name->name[0]='_'; /* change the first letter */
/* rename our file mapping to be NLSFILE :)*/
wcscpy(nls->name->name, L"NLSFILE");
/* rename NLSHEAP - it is cached in all coredll instances (all apps) */
FSMAP *nlsHeap= HandleToMap(hNLSOrig);
nlsHeap->name->name[0]='_';
/* rename NLSMUTEX - all coredll expect it to be available. force recreation */
MUTEX *m = HandleToMutex(_nlsMutex);
m->name->name[0]='_';  

Now, we will go to All running Process and inject our NLSFILE and NLSMUTEX instead of the original one.

C++
PROCESSENTRY32 pe32;
HANDLE hSnap=CreateToolhelp32Snapshot(TH32CS_SNAPPROCESS | 0x40000000 /*TH32CS_SNAPNOHEAPS*/, NULL);
pe32.dwSize=sizeof(pe32);
BOOL bb=Process32First(hSnap,&pe32);
while (bb) {
/* all processes - including NK.EXE */
CallInProcess(pe32.th32ProcessID, fpInitLocale, NULL);
pe32.dwSize=sizeof(pe32);
bb=Process32Next(hSnap, &pe32);
}
CloseToolhelp32Snapshot(hSnap); 

Finally, to use this code, add nls.cpp inside your process and call this function:

C++
PatchNLS("\windows\younls.nls"); 

License

This article, along with any associated source code and files, is licensed under The Code Project Open License (CPOL)

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About the Author

emranallan
Software Developer (Senior)
Jordan Jordan
Mobile Developer with deep Experience in Handheld Device Pocket Pc, Smart Phone in Win32, MFC With more than 8 years ago."Arabizer, Hook Function, Poom, Wirless Application, and low level Application". By C++ MFC and win32

http://windowsmobiledn.blog.com/

Comments and Discussions

 
Questionerror C3861: 'PatchNLS': identifier not found Pin
t_assad15-Oct-13 0:27
Membert_assad15-Oct-13 0:27 

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